How speech pathology treats delayed language development
"Children who have not yet reached their age-appropriate speech and language milestones"
What is a language delay?
In speech pathology, we refer to a child who has delayed language as:
a 12-month old who is yet to say their first word and uses mostly gestures to communicate (e.g. pointing, waving)
an 18-month old who has less than 50 words
A 2-year-old who has less than 200 words or is yet to join words to make short phrases.
1 Cable, A, L. & Domsch, C. (2011) Systematic review of the literature on the treatment of children with late language emergence. International Journal of Language Communication Disorders. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21401813. Accessed 11 Jan. 2019.
2 National Senate enquiry on speech and language skills, https://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary-Business/Committees/Senate/Community-Affairs/Speech-Pathology/Report/c03
3 Scarborough H.S. (2009) Connecting early language and literacy to later reading (dis)abilities: Evidence, Theory & Practice. In Fletcher-Campbell F., Soler J., Reid G. (2009) Approaching difficulties in literacy development: Assessment, Pedagogy and Programmes. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/306200560-Connecting-early-language-and-literacy-to-later-reading-disabilities-Evidence-theory-and-practice. Accessed 11 Jan. 2019.
4 Dorothy V Bishop 1, Margaret J Snowling1, Paul A Thompson1, Trisha Greenhalgh2, CATALISE-2 consortium – CATALISE: a multinational and multidisciplinary Delphi consensus study of problems with language development. Phase 2. Terminology. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28369935. Accessed 11 Jan. 2019.
5 Dale, P.S., Price T.S., Bishop D.V.M, & Plomin R. (2003) Outcomes of early language delay: I. Predicting persistent and transient language difficulties at 3 and 4 years. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing. 46.3. https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:4f84b707-c146-41a4-ade3-da5854df6d35. Accessed 11 Jan. 2019.
McLeod, S., & McKinnon, D. (2007). Prevalence of communication disorders compared with other learning needs in 14,500 primary and secondary school students. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 42, 37–59.
Gersten, R., Fuchs, L. S., Williams, J. P., & Baker, S. (2001). Teaching reading comprehension strategies to students with learning disabilities: A review of research. Review of Educational Research, 71, 279–320.